Aspects Related to Urban Development of Growth Poles in the Context of Cohesion Policy and Europe 2020 Strategy Paper

Ramona Camelia Bere (Silvestru), Cătălin Ionuț Silvestru

Abstract


Taking into account recent literature on economic growth, we focus on analyzing the extent to which metropolitan regions (NUTS3 urban predominant regions), as growth poles, especially from Romania and from EU member states and regions with similar levels of development, contribute to economic growth, from the perspective of employment-related issues. We place our analysis in the context of Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and of the urban dimension of the EU regional policies. The variables included refer to labor market indicators, in conjunction with demographic data, from Eurostat, providing a more comprehensive understanding of the contribution of growth poles to the overall development of country, in comparison with the capital region, the national average and EU27 average. The selection of growth poles from countries with similar levels of development as Romania is based on previous research results of cluster analysis for year 2010, conducted using headline indicators of Europe 2020 strategy and GDP per head, for country level, and cohesion policy indicators, for NUTS2 regional level, looking for possible overlaps of the country and regional clustering that include Romanian regions.

Keywords


Metropolitan Regions, Growth Poles, Employment, Europe 2020, Cohesion Policy

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International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories (IJEPT) ISSN: 2247 – 7225 (online)